Macau is a melting pot of Chinese and European culture. It was originally inhabited by Chinese, many of them fishermen.
Portuguese sailors first arrived in Macau in the 16th Century and later established a community here making it one of the first European settlements in the Far East.
On 20 December 1999 the Chinese Government resumed sovereignty over Macau and established the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China.
Under China’s “one country, two systems” policy, Macau—like Hong Kong—has a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs. It has its own passports, visas, postal system,
currency, and local government.
In 2001, the Macau government opened the gaming industry to allow international operators to run resorts and casinos. As a result Macau is fast developing into a world-class tourist destination.